NASA Full Form: National Aeronautics and Space Administration
The Full form of NASA is the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.
Full Name: National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Location: Washington, D.C., United States
Areas of Expertise: Space Exploration and Civilian And Military Aerospace Research.
Short Description of NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration)
The Full Form of NASA in English is the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and was created by the National Aeronautics and Space Act in 1958 by president Dwight D. Eisenhower. NASA, as the agency of the United States government, has “the mission to pioneer the future in space exploration, scientific discovery and aeronautics research.” Therefore, NASA concentrates its efforts in two main areas, namely: space exploration and civilian and military aerospace research.
In the area of disaster management, NASA is conscious of the fact that “correct forecast and predictions of natural phenomena are vitally important to allow for proper evacuation and damage mitigation strategies.” Consequently, NASA provides important data from its satellite missions and works in cooperation with other North American organizations in order to prevent and mitigate the consequences of a natural disaster.
The headquarters of NASA is in Washington, and it has 10 NASA centers across the United States. It also has 7 NASA workplaces for testing and studying Earth and space. NASA’s work can be divided into four different types:
- Aeronautics: It is responsible for the development of advanced aviation technologies.
- Human Exploration and Operations: It deals with the management of manned space missions, international space station as well as operations related to launching services, space transportation, and space communications for both manned and robotic exploration programs.
- Science: It deals with the programs designed for understanding the origin, structure, evolution, and future of the Earth, the solar system, and the universe.
- Space Technology: It deals with the development of space science and exploration technologies.
Since the time, most US space exploration efforts have been led by NASA, including the Apollo Moon Landing Missions, the Skylab Space Station, and later the Space Shuttle. Currently, NASA is supporting the International Space Station (ISS) and is overseeing the development of the Orion Multi-Purpose Crew Vehicle, the Space Launch System and Commercial Crew Vehicles.
NASA is an independent agency of the executive branch of the United States federal government responsible for the civilian space program, as well as aeronautics and aerospace research. The main activities of NASA are focused on the research and test of new flight technologies, the creation of capabilities for sustainable human and robotic exploration, space exploration and supply of space technologies.
Main Activities of NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration):
The main activities of NASA are focused on the research and test of new flight technologies, the creation of capabilities for sustainable human and robotic exploration, space exploration and supply of space technologies.
NASA develops also its activities in the field of disaster management. The systems and missions that are related to natural disaster are:
- The Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) Land Rapid Response System serves the need for quick access to products from the MODIS instrument–onboard NASA’s Terra and Aqua satellites–when the disaster occurred.
- Satellite-derived estimates of precipitation from the Special Sensor Microwave Imager (SSM/I) and from the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM), with winds from QuikSCAT, contribute in the area of hurricane and flood prediction.
- Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM) mission.
- CloudSat – operating
- Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite, I-M Series (GOES I-M) – operating
- Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE) – operating
- Ice, Clouds, and Land Elevation Satellite (ICESat) – operating
- Jason-1 – operating
- National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System (NPOESS) – development
- Quick Scatterometer (QuickSCAT) – operating
- TERRA – operating
NASA Contact Details:
Address: Public Communications Office
Washington, DC 20546-0001
Telephone: (1) (202) 358 0001
Fax: (1) (202) 358-4338
Source: National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)